Mennonite Mission Network staff
Wednesday, February 15, 2006

IBILLIN, Israel (MennoJerusalem/Mennonite Mission Network) — A man self-described as an Arab Christian Israeli Palestinian will be the first Israeli-born leader of the largest Christian denomination in the Middle East as the archbishop of Galilee.

Once known as Abuna (father, in Arabic), Elias Chacour’s title becomes His Excellency, the Archbishop Metropolitan of the Melkite Catholic Diocese of Acco, Haifa, Nazareth and Galilee.

“But my close friends must still call me ‘Abuna,’ as before,” he said.

While his historic title, announced Feb. 8 by the Vatican and Melkite Catholic Synod, clings to the designations imposed under Ottoman Rule of the 1800s, the Archbishop’s responsibility extends to some 76,000 Melkite members throughout all of Israel. Chacour’s is the senior denominational position in the country, subject directly to Patriarch Gregorios III based in Damascus. The Melkites comprise about half of all Christians in Israel/Palestine, which also counts 40,000 Orthodox, 15,000 Roman Catholics, 1,200 Anglicans and smaller numbers of other Protestant groups. There are over 1 million Melkites in the world.

The appointment puts Chacour, already president of Ibillin’s Mar Elias Educational Institutions into a new position of influence. He intends to pursue his passions of caring for the oppressed and working for reconciliation, especially among the diverse and historically complex interests of the people of the Middle East.

“I want to be a moderating voice in the conflict that has spilled too much blood,” Chacour told the Jerusalem Post. “I’ve shed a lot of tears recently — it has been a very emotional time since this happened.”

Chacour has known personal pain and community injustice since his birth 66 years ago in the Arab village of Biram near the Galilee border of Lebanon. His entire village was evicted during the 1948 Jewish War of Independence. He would become a refugee in his own country.

Chacour’s life has been dedicated to working toward a new wholeness of reconciliation in the region. He started with basic education for Palestinian-Israeli boys and girls without access to schooling, then expanded services and buildings to accommodate the now-4,000 students at Mar Elias from many of the towns and villages of upper Galilee.

The new Christian ‘peace university of Galilee’ opened its doors two-and-a-half years ago, the first to offer higher education to Jews, Christians, Muslims, and Druze (a northern sect of Islam) and taught by a faculty with diverse religious and ethnic origins.

A few days before his recent elevation, Chacour, heavy gold neck chain bright against his simple black cassock, showed visitors around the sanctuary of his still incomplete Church of the Sermon on the Mount. The building is named for the New Testament theme of Christ’s servanthood, not seeking authority and power even when all was given to him.

Chacour pointed out a bishop’s chair, still with a blank back above the seat where an icon would be added. Traditionally, the icon would feature the “Pantocrator” – an enthroned Christ with raised hand, holding a sacred text and often shown with an almost forbidding severity. Such a teaching and authoritative Christ figure has dominated many of the Eastern churches through the centuries.

“It may start a revolution,” said Chacour, smiling, “but I decided not to put the Pantocrator on this seat. Instead, I’ve chosen an icon of the image of Jesus washing the feet of his disciples” – an icon of Christ serving others, helping those without a voice and listening to those who are not being heard.

The iconographer is rushing to complete the icon of Jesus washing the disciples’ feet so it will be ready for the bishop’s chair in time for his upcoming service of consecration.

The Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Jerusalem includes all of Israel. Chacour will be the first Hebrew speaker to lead the archdiocese.

Glenn Edward Witmer lives in Jerusalem and is affiliated with the Israel ministries of Mennonite Mission Network and Mennonite Church Canada Witness. He works closely with Chacour’s Mar Elias Educational Institutions in Ibillin. He can be reached at







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